Major Cortical Structures
The human brain is divided into two equal halves. Each half can be functionally divided into four main "lobes". Each lobe is responsible for processing different types of stimuli and thought.
The frontal lobes have been found to play a part in impulse control, judgment, language production, working memory, motor function, sexual behavior, socialization, and spontaneity. The frontal lobes assist in planning, coordinating, controlling, and executing behavior.
The parietal lobe plays important roles in integrating sensory information from various parts of the body, knowledge of numbers and their relations, and in the manipulation of objects
The temporal lobes deal primarily with memory functions. The dominant temporal lobe is specialized for verbal (word-based) memory and the names of objects. We rely upon our non-dominant temporal lobe for our memory of visual (non-verbal) material, such as faces, scenes, etc...
The visual cortex is located in the occipital lobe. The occipital lobe is responsible for one’s ability to see and interpret sight.
The cerebellum is located under the cortex in the rear of the brain. It is responsible for the control of many "automatic" functions, like breathing, and balance among other functions. It is not involved in higher thought processes, and is usually not included in output illustrations from Sands Research.
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